How the 'Charge-Pair' Explains Light, Atoms, Galaxies and Gravity
galaxy pattern
The Galaxy Pattern is a spherical pattern created when a ring of 16 equally spaced members is rotating at a constant rate and at the same time is precessing at 90 degrees to the rotational plane around the same center at exactly twice that rate. It is composed of eight identical closed pathways separated by 45 degrees. Each pathway contains two members, which are always opposite each other and moving in exactly opposite directions. All members are of course always in the same two-dimensional plane.

This page explores the idea that at very short time periods atoms are discs
like galaxies, and at very long time periods galaxies are spheres like an atom....

See how the Galaxy Model explains the Periodic Table
See how the Galaxy Model explains Benzene

"  Near the galaxy's center is there a powerful rotation of spacetime
in two orthogonal linked rotations which gets so fast at
its center that virtual particles are separated and propelled
out the jets?  Similarly, anything that  falls back in would be spun
so fast that the atoms would be torn apart, opposite single charges would be
repelled from each other and  shot back out the galactic jets. These jets of
single charges are very high energy and must represent a large fraction
of each galaxy. Are they the missing matter? The Dark Matter?
  Clouds of these might drift quite far from the center before encountering each
other again and rejoining to form new stars "

Breaking news- observations of stars falling into their galactic
center show them to be shredded, and immediately jets form
of outgoing matter travelling at .9c!!! Check this link>>>>
Jets seen forming!!
"at the same time, through processes still not fully understood,
oppositely directed jets perpendicular to the disk formed
near the black hole."

Perhaps the energy of the universe forms  points of
resonance where a spherical standing wave
is occupying a space. This space is completely taken
by all the virtual pairs being ejected (the black hole at
each galaxy's center may be
a complete void
 which actively ejects everything that falls in by turning it into
 High Energy Particles and shooting it out the jets).
So once a part of space becomes a black hole, it is
committed to remaining a void.What was there is ejected
as HEPs which are shot into the space surrounding the galaxy.
These HEPs eventually rejoin into young stars. The stars surrounding
the central black hole are in this way
continually replaced as they
radiate away their energy, become neutron stars, and fall back into the
black hole to be once more shot out the jets as

August 6, 2010:
I have for some time now been looking at a tiered
explanation of gravity based on the radiations released by
fusion in stars and fusion in the millions of tiny bodies making up the electron.
Here's a recent post on sci.physics:
The neutrinos released by fusion within
stars go right through matter but impact
100% on galactic centers. They constitute
the from-everywhere flux that drives the
movement of the galaxies themselves.

Similar radiation of a much smaller scale
is released from millions of points of fusion within
each electron. This is the from-everywhere flux
that drives the movement of atoms.

The smaller-scale radiation travels faster, so
the matter surrounding galactic centers will
gravitate faster than the centers themselves.
The stars and their planets are composed of atoms whose centers are
 protons; small black holes which are pure void at
their centers because they have ejected all the space at their
centers as electrons, and they continually maintain these electrons
as the electrons  radiate away their energy
These electrons are in turn
composed of even smaller
black holes; mini-protons whose centers are VOID and actively
remain void by ejecting the space at their centers
continually --which space becomes the electrons' electrons
which are also radiating energy.
And so on.

There are many more animations and pictures on this page. Wherever you see                                                                                                             
       colored words you can click to go to a GIF or a JPeg

                This animation shows the periodic table compared to the growth of sixteen-member rings.

Large black holes at galaxies' centers and protons could well be the same thing.
They could be standing waves in space whose centers' rapid rotation causes all the
virtual pairs within their
'event horizon' to split into electrons and
protons at the next level down- that which forms our matter-
and ejects these excited particles out the jets at the galaxy's center. These
plasmas then combine to form new stars. Older neutron stars eventually fall
back into the center and are torn apart into plasma and the cycle repeats.

Every proton and nucleus of atoms and galaxies
is extremely gravitationally dense. Perhaps they are not "Black Holes"
that represent some kind of snake-eating-tail gravitational
collapse, but rather 3 dimensional standing wave vortices
that chase their own tails and remain the same forever,
barring some kind of fusion/fission environment.
 The spiral star arms correspond to electrons and
are a result of the central vortex, which supplies plasma
from whatever falls in by spinning it so fast, its constituent parts
repel each other and become plasma, and
shooting it out the magnetic jets
at right-angles to the center of the disk. This plasma then
becomes stars, which ignite and radiate the spin energy away
until they become neutron stars and, no longer repelled electrically
from the central vortex, they fall back into it and are shredded back
into plasma. Electrons *do* radiate, but they are continuously
being renewed by being recycled back through their protons.

A galaxy's stars are thus continuously renewed..

This is my latest animation of a wheel in a locked one rotation/2 precession standing wave. This is the basic
structure making up the Galaxy Pattern.
These structures may be linked together by dropping the loops between the structures, thus making
the pathway 25% shorter:
shared pathway between two atoms
Or many of these can be linked:
shared pathway of many atoms

This page explores the idea that charge exists by itself and may be moved in different ways to make light and matter, with the structures it forms repeating in the form of fractals. I was investigating how rotating rings of elecrons might behave when I noticed how similar these structures were to the discs of spiral galaxies. If galaxies are in fact just large atoms, then by comparing the two we should be able to deduce things about both. In the search for Black Holes, we have found that there is a concentration of extreme gravitation at the center of every galaxy; we know that at the center of every atom there is a concentration of extreme mass- a proton like a flea at the pitcher's mound of a ballpark, but a flea that weighs a thousand times more than the ballpark. We know that excited atoms give off photons; it has recently been observed that excited galaxies apparently give off quasars. Spiral galaxies are ordered into distinct arms of stars; atoms have distinct electron structures. By continuing to attempt to match the larger and smaller structures- the one so large and slow it seems not to move and the other so small and fast one cannot see it move-  it is fun to try to build a larger view.

Let's say electrons DO confine themselves to flat spirals on a disc like galactic arms. Obviously, atoms are spherical, so the discs must also be rotating around a second axis, orthogonal to the first, in order to sweep out a sphere. If you take a rotating ring of electrons and precess it orthogonally like a coin spinning on a table, then those electrons will be travelling around a spherical surface, but what is even better, if you LINK the rotation and precession rates right, you can have opposite electrons follow the same paths. This happens when the rotation:precession ratios are 1:2, 3:2, 5:2, etc.; all the odd numbers. The galaxy pattern is made from a ring of sixteen members rotating/precessing in the 1:2 ratio. It is composed of eight separate pathways, in which members of the ring exactly opposite each other share the same pathway.
Two and only two electrons can follow the same path in any one atom when you follow this scheme.

Here is a picture showing the Galaxy Pattern from different angles.

Here is a picture showing a single pathway of the Galaxy Pattern.

Here's an animation of 2 electrons following a single pathway.

Here's an animation of a point with a one to one linked rotation.
When I first thought of electons travelling in a ring and the ring itself sweeping out a sphere,
I tried one rotation per precession  and observed that it only resided in one half of
the sphere. So I rejected it. But this smaller one-to-one rotation of charge might be emr.

This eight-foot ball was made using the Galaxy Pattern.
  I'm looking for someone to partner in building further prototypes.
The idea is to have a vehicle that will not be harmed by any sort of collision.
The occupants are at all times completely surrounded by their one  super-strong wheel.


The link below is to a Hubble picture of two galaxies with their edges proximal and travelling the same way:
two galaxies edge to edge

The Galaxy Pattern is a spherical pattern created when a ring of 16 equally spaced members is rotating at a constant rate and at the same time is precessing at 90 degrees to the rotational plane around the same center at exactly twice that rate. It is composed of eight identical closed pathways separated by 45 degrees. Each pathway contains two members, which are always opposite each other and moving in exactly opposite directions. All members are of course always in the same two-dimensional plane.


The 'Charge-Pair'....................................................................................................................................
One day in 1979 I was leaving the university after a lecture on light.The particle-wave duality was bothering me. I opened my memory with the thought that I wanted anything I had ever seen possessing both wave and particle natures and totally blanked my mind. At once, on the screen of my memory, I saw a baton fly past turning end-over-end. Could this be the answer? Might the photon be a structure- a particle like a baton with two ends, with its two ends rotating around each other as it moves through space so they follow wave-like pathways? I began to pursue this idea.

That night I lay in bed working on the problem for hours until my head was literally searing with pain. What could be forming the two ends of this 'baton' and creating an electric field moving up and down and at the same time producing a magnetic field at right-angles to both the direction of travel and the electric field? Whatever it was had to be massless also, so it couldn't be an electron, but it had to have electric charge.

At some point during this brainstorming I arrived at a new concept, a completely different angle. It couldn't be a particle with a charge because it had to be massless. But why couldn't it be a charge without a particle? Why couldn't a certain amount of energy be invested in creating two equal and opposite charges, separating them from the void, with the proviso that when these two charges recombine they will give off that same amount of energy? Thus was born in my head the 'charge-pair', which was brought into being initially in an attempt to explain light, and eventually led to my atomic model, theory of gravity, and finally a glimpse of what charge itself is made of.. 

DeBroglie, in his final conclusions on light, surmised it to be composed of two 'complementary corpuscles'.  The charge-pair I have conceived should be thought of as the same structures as de Broglie's, and not to necessarily have charge effects as we have seen with charged particles. For the charge-pair, obviously, being the building block of not only light but atoms as well, could have very different charge characteristics associated with its rotation.

A basic energy phenomenon called a 'charge-pair' is postulated to be caused by energy. A separation of the 'void' occurs which splits it locally into a positive charge and a negative charge.  Different movements this pair of charges can be put into may then be  used to explain matter and radiation. An atom could be composed of rotating charge-pairs which also precess in order to repeatedly sweep out a spherical volume. If one considers a precessional rate of twice the rotation, one arrives at the Galaxy Pattern, which is completed by rings of sixteen members. Completing rings of sixteen members can be matched to the growth of the Periodic Table of the Elements . The Galaxy Pattern is composed of eight pathways, each of which can contain a maximum of two members from the ring: the two members exactly opposite each other and exactly the opposite of the other in movement and position.

This animation shows how two centers could always be exactly opposite each
other as they both rotate and precess in a ratio of 1:2 around the same path: this is one of the
eight pathways of the galaxy pattern, which is formed completely when
there are 16 members in the ring.

The Periodic Table can be shown to be shaped by the growth of concentric 16-member rings. Click below.

Periodic Table as Concentric 16-Member Rings

Periodic table as spiral-arm concentric rings.

These concentric rings can then be rotated and precessed so all elements follow
repeating pathways each of which is home to two members:

Rotating/Precessing 16-spoked wheel

Similar repeating pathways are created whenever the ring is
rotating an odd number of times for every two precessions:
Here is the pattern when these 16 members increase to three times
their rotational rate while still precessing at 2.
Here are the two together.
Galaxy pattern and 3-2-16 together.

I now think Quasars must be protons or highly-positive ions where previously
I was relating them to photons. But a black hole with no surrounding star
arms would much more naturally fit into this model as a proton with no electron.
With no electron to diffuse the radiation of  its energy, the proton would be
very bright, just like a quasar.

The New CH4 animation!!


Here below you will find more pages in varying stages of completion:   
 photon models
Modelling light using charge-pairs.
Patterning atoms after galaxies
  Gravity an absence of push?
  Picture and animations

          Credits, links
      My son's art page
      Big Ball page
      Diet Cures Herpesvirus
      Original Close Encounter Page
It is the proton which is the true Black Hole.
It has nothing at all inside- because it
consists of such incredible spin, all the
'virtual particles' that used to reside there have
been displaced, creating the electron.

<>If the Black Holes at galaxies' centers are vortices
whose spins get very intense towards their centers-
intense-enough to excite virtual particles into a
permanent existence and evict them- then a cycle can
be imaged.
Neutron stars falling into the Black Hole at the galaxy's
center would have their neutrons spins faster the closer
to center they get; at a certain point the protons and
electrons in the neutrons both receive enough spin that
they separate; and are repelled from the vortex in opposite
directions by their newly-acquired charge. Presumably,
they then recombine into stars, somehow.

Of course, this happens much more easily if the
field at right-angles to every galaxy's center which
is propelling these plasmas outward is being
swept around by the precession of the disc. And this
is what in fact must happen, and that it does happen
is confirmed by the slight warping seen in so many

And this is the main prediction of the Galaxy Model:
  galactic discs must precess !!

                                          here's a recent finding that concurs
and another picture where this theory meets observation:

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